21 people -18 men and 3 women- have held the Vice-regal office in New Zealand since Captain William Hobson became Lieutenant-Governor in 1840. This timeline tells the story of each of them.
1840Role: Lieutenant-GovernorTerm: 1840 - 1842Lieutenant-Governor (1840 - 1841) and Governor (1841 - 1842). William Hobson was born in Ireland in 1793 and went to sea at the age of nine. In 1836, he commanded the frigate 'Rattlesnake' in Port Phillip (Melbourne). He surveyed the harbour and was then sent to the Bay of Islands to report on New Zealand.1843Role: GovernorTerm: 1843 - 1845Robert Fitzroy was born in Suffolk in 1805. He entered the navy in 1819 and commanded HMS Beagle on Darwin's famous voyage. He visited the Bay of Islands in the ship in 1835 and reported favourably to a House of Lords committee on the work of the missionaries. He took up his appointment as Governor in 1843 but was recalled after agitation led by the New Zealand Company.1845Role: Governor of New ZealandTerm: 1845 - 1868Sir George was born in Lisbon in 1812. He graduated at Sandhurst and served in Ireland where he rose to Captain but he resigned his commission soon after.1855Role: Governor of New ZealandTerm: 1855 - 1861Sir Thomas was born in 1807 and entered the army as ensign in 1824. He rose to Captain in 1829 and then to Major in 1834. He served in the 1st Afghan War as a Major in the 41st Regiment, covering the retreat of Sir John England's force. He was made Lt-Colonel of the 41st on his return to England.1868Role: Governor of New ZealandTerm: 1868 - 1873Born in 1821, Sir George graduated with an MA from Oxford in 1847. He became President of the University of Corfu in 1847, a position he held for four years. He was appointed as Governor of New Zealand having served as the first Governor of Queensland.1873Role: Governor of New ZealandTerm: 1873 - 1874Sir James was under-secretary at the India Office in 1866 and held the same position at the Home office in 1867. He was Governor of South Australia in 1869-73 before becoming Governor of New Zealand in 1873.1875Role: Governor of New ZealandTerm: 1875 - 1879Sir George Augustus Constantine Phipps, 2nd Marquess of Normanby, was born in 1819, and was Lt Governor of Nova Scotia 1858-63. He was Governor of Queensland before taking up office in New Zealand.1879Role: Governor of New ZealandTerm: 1879 - 1880Born in 1824, Sir Hercules was a Sandhurst graduate. He became 1st Lt of the 87th Regiment in 1844 but resigned his commission in 1846. He became President of Montserrat in 1854 and subsequently held several governorships before taking up the position in New Zealand in 1879.1880Role: Governor of New ZealandTerm: 1880 - 1882Sir Arthur was born in 1829 and graduated with an MA from Cambridge in 1851. A year later he became secretary to his father who was Prime Minister (1852-55). Sir Arthur was a Liberal MP from 1854 to 1857. His governorships, apart from New Zealand, included New Brunswick, Trinidad, Mauritius and Ceylon. He was the first High Commissioner to the Western Pacific 1877-82.1883Role: Governor of New ZealandTerm: 1883 - 1889Sir William became Governor of Straits Settlements (1875-77) and South Australia (1877-82) before taking up office in New Zealand. He was instrumental in planning and setting up coastal defences during his term as Governor.1889Role: Governor of New ZealandTerm: 1889 - 1892Born in 1853, Sir William Hillier Onslow was appointed Governor of New Zealand in 1889 but resigned in 1892 to return to England.1892Role: Governor of New ZealandTerm: 1892 - 1897Sir David Boyle Glasgow was born in 1833 and received a Barony for his services as Governor of New Zealand. He was the cousin of another Governor of New Zealand, Sir James Fergusson.1897Role: Governor of New ZealandTerm: 1897 - 1904Sir Uchter John Mark Knox Ranfurly was Lord-in-Waiting to Queen Victoria from 1895-97 before taking up office in New Zealand. He threatened to resign because of salary reductions and had to subsidise his pay from private sources.1904Role: Governor of New ZealandTerm: 1904 - 1910Sir William Lee Plunket became Governor of New Zealand in 1904, is best remembered for his support of Truby-King's early work and for giving his name to the Plunket Society. He also donated cricket's Plunket Shield.1910Role: Governor of New ZealandTerm: 1910 - 1912Sir John Poynder Dickson-Poynder Islington served in the Boer War. When he became Governor of New Zealand in 1910, he was the first Governor to reside in the current Government House in Wellington.1912Role: Governor-General of New ZealandTerm: 1912 - 1920Sir Arthur William de Brito Savile Foljambe Liverpool, 2nd Earl, had the distinction of being New Zealand's last Governor and first Governor-General.1920Role: Governor-General of New ZealandTerm: 1920 - 1924A noted naval figure, Sir John Rushworth Jellicoe entered the Royal Navy as cadet in 1872 and eventually rose to command Britain's Grand Fleet from 1914 to 1916. He was appointed First Sea Lord, Chief of Naval Staff and Viscount after the Battle of Jutland in 1916.1924Role: Governor-General of New ZealandTerm: 1924 - 1930Sir Charles was the son of Sir James Fergusson, former Governor of New Zealand. He was born in 1865. Sir Charles was educated at Eton and Sandhurst before joining the Grenadier Guards and saw service in Africa and France.1930Role: Governor-General of New ZealandTerm: 1930 - 1935Sir Charles Bathurst Bledisloe was a laywer and MP before becoming Governor-General. He donated the Waitangi Estate to the nation and contributed funds for the restoration of the Treaty House. He donated the Bledisloe Cup for New Zealand-Australia rugby matches.1935Role: Governor-General of New ZealandTerm: 1935 - 1941Sir George Vere Arundell Monckton-Arundell Galway joined the Life Guards, and in the First World War he became Adjutant-General and Quartermaster-General. He was Colonel-Commandant of the Life Guards and Royal Artillery Company between the wars. His term as Governor-General of New Zealand was extended because of World War II.1941Role: Governor-General of New ZealandTerm: 1941 - 1946Sir Cyril Louis Norton Newall was Chief of Air Staff (1937-40) and Marshal of the Royal Air Force in 1940, before being appointed Governor-General of New Zealand in 1941.1946Role: Governor-General of New ZealandTerm: 1946 - 1952Lieutenant-General Sir Bernard Cyril Freyberg won the Victoria Cross during his service in the First World War and commanded the New Zealand Division in Greece, Africa and Italy during the Second World War.1952Role: Governor-General of New ZealandTerm: 1952 - 1957Sir Charles Willoughby Moke Norrie was Governor of South Australia for seven years before taking up office in New Zealand.1957Role: Governor-General of New ZealandTerm: 1957 - 1962As Governor-General of New Zealand,Sir Charles John Lyttelton, 10th Viscount Cobham, became deeply involved in the establishment of New Zealand's Outward Bound movement.1962Role: Governor-General of New ZealandTerm: 1962 - 1967Sir Bernard served with distinction in the Second World War, and when he became Governor-General in 1962, he was following in the footsteps of both his grandfathers, Sir James Fergusson and the Earl of Glasgow, who were Governors of New Zealand; and his father, Sir Charles Fergusson, who was Governor-General (1924-30).1967Role: Governor-General of New ZealandTerm: 1967 - 1972Sir Arthur was the first New Zealand-born Governor-General and Captain of New Zealand's Olympic team in 1924 and 1928. He was also a distinguished surgeon, serving as Surgeon to King George VI and Sergeant-Surgeon to Queen Elizabeth II.1972Role: Governor-General of New ZealandTerm: 1972 - 1977Sir Denis served as High Commissioner for New Zealand in Britain and Ambassador to Ireland, from 1968 until his appointment as Governor-General in 1972.1977Role: Governor-General of New ZealandTerm: 1977 - 1980Sir Keith was born in 1904 and after serving as Prime Minister in 1957 and again from 1960 to 1972, was the first politician to be appointed Governor-General.1980Role: Governor-General of New ZealandTerm: 1980 - 1985Sir David served in the army and navy reserve during the Second World War before entering the Law and service as a Supreme Court judge.1985Role: Governor-General of New ZealandTerm: 1985 - 1990Sir Paul was New Zealand's first Governor-General of Māori descent and served a significant career in the Anglican Church, becoming Primate and Archbishop of New Zealand in 1980.1990Role: Governor-General of New ZealandTerm: 1990 - 1996Dame Catherine Tizard was New Zealand's first female Governor-General, a role to which she came after being the first woman to be elected Mayor of Auckland.1996Role: Governor-General of New ZealandTerm: 1996 - 2001Sir Michael was born in Wellington and had a distinguished career in law and practised in Wellington, before being appointed a High Court Judge in 1980.2001Role: Governor-General of New ZealandTerm: 2001 - 2006Dame Silvia was born in Dunedin, studied Law at Otago University and after several years in private practice, embarked on a judicial career that culminated in her becoming the first woman to be appointed to the High Court.2006Role: Governor-General of New ZealandTerm: 2006 - 2011The Rt Hon Sir Anand Satyanand was born in Auckland and served as a District Court Judge from 1982 and two terms as a Parliamentary Ombudsman from 19952011Role: Governor-General of New ZealandTerm: 2011 - 2016
Lieutenant General The Right Honourable Sir Jerry Mateparae was sworn in as New Zealand’s 20th Governor-General for a five year term on 31 August 2011.2016Role: Governor-General of New ZealandTerm: 2016 - 2021Dame Patsy Reddy was born in Matamata and studied law at Victoria University of Wellington before working for law firm Watts and Patterson (now Minter Ellison Rudd Watts), Brierley Investments Ltd and co-founding Active Equities Limited, a private investment company.Last updated:Tuesday, 9 May 2017